The British Invasion – Brits at the Indianapolis 500

The Indianapolis 500 might be considered America’s greatest race, but Britain has left an indelible mark on the legendary contest with multiple victories for both cars and drivers, and countless compelling story lines to enliven the story of the greatest spectacle in motorsport.
Jean Porporato at the 1915 race in his Sunbeam racer

Jean Porporato at the 1915 race in his Sunbeam racer

The first British citizen to win the race was Dario Resta in 1916, who was born in Italy but moved to England as a child. He would be the trailblazer followed by dozens of others, but the first cars to run were pioneers like the Big Bentleys and Sunbeam, with the latter taking fourth place overall in 1913 with Albert Guyot behind the wheel. In 1924, Alfred Moss, who would sire Stirling and Pat also competed in 1924, finishing 16th overall in a Fronty-Ford Model T Special.
The car that changed the game - the 1961 Cooper-Climax. Image by Road & Track

The car that changed the game – the 1961 Cooper-Climax. Image by Road & Track

The real British Invasion began in earnest during 1961 with Jack Brabham’s Cooper-Coventry Climax that changed the face of auto racing forever. The tiny car, weighing only 2/3 as much as the competition, was filled with innovations, including its rear-engined layout, fully independent suspension and small Coventry Climax engine, which made 150 fewer horsepower than the other cars in the field from a capacity that was 80 cubic inches smaller. Despite finishing in 9th place, it was a moral victory that paved the way for Jimmy Clark’s victory in 1965, driving a Lotus 38.

Alfred Moss in 1924 with his Fronty-Ford Model T.

Alfred Moss in 1924 with his Fronty-Ford Model T.

The era became a veritable who’s who of famous British personalities, featuring Brabham and Cooper, as well as Colin Chapman, Graham Hill, Jackie Stewart and the aforementioned Clark. Mark Donohue and Johnny Rutherford added three more victories between them in 1972, 1974 and 1976, adding to the success of the British Invasion and leading to a permanent beachhead in America’s heartland.

Johnny Rutherford's winning McLaren

Johnny Rutherford’s winning McLaren

Building on this success, almost every competitor was seated in a chassis built in England: March, Lola, Reynard, and even those “American’ cars from Penske and Galmer came from the UK. The engines were sourced from British shops like Cosworth, Ilmor, and Judd, while the cars were designed by Britons Len Terry, Tony Southgate, Eric Broadley, and Tim Holloway.

The BMC sponsored effort in 1963

The BMC sponsored effort in 1963

Eventually, British drivers would return to the fold including David Hobbs, Jim Crawford, Nigel Mansell, Dan Wheldon, and Dario Franchitti, contributing multiple victories and adding to the nation’s legacy at Indy.

'The British Invasion – Brits at the Indianapolis 500' have 2 comments

  1. October 3, 2017 @ 7:07 pm Chuck Roche

    Had he not died so early in life I believe Jim Clark could have won many, many 500’s as well as numerous world driving championships.


    • November 11, 2018 @ 2:35 am Don

      He was 32 when he died. Few drivers back then stayed in the game much longer. The competition caught up; in future years, the rear engined vehicles took over and everyone had one. I think Hill won the year after Jim did. But Jim didn’t win in 66 or 67 BTW, he didn’t win the WDC in either of those years, either. He may be one of the best examples (Like Sterling Moss) of proof that it takes not just a great driver, but a great car to win races. Alonso has been realizing that since 2007.


Would you like to share your thoughts?

Please note: technical questions about the above article may go unanswered. Questions related to Moss parts should be emailed to

Your email address will not be published.

© Copyright 2021 Moss Motors, Ltd. All Rights Reserved.